THE QUESTION OF MALVINAS ISLANDS
On 3 January 1833, the Malvinas Islands were occupied by British forces that displaced the Argentine population and authorities that had legitimately settled there and replaced them with subjects from the occupying power. The Argentine Republic immediately protested this illegitimate forceful act that is still maintained, without consenting to it at any time.
The Argentine Government reasserts once again the imprescriptible sovereignty rights of the Argentine Republic over the Malvinas, the South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, which are an integral part of its national territory.
The unlawful British colonial occupation, which is already into its 179th year, is aggravated by a provocative and continuous disregard for international law evinced by the United Kingdom s persistent reluctance to resume negotiations on sovereignty pursuant to the UN mandate in force, established through Resolution 2065 (XX) of the General Assembly and endorsed by nine subsequent resolutions. This unlawfulness is further compounded by the presence of the military base established in the South Atlantic on the basis of false needs of defence, as well as by the constant conduct of unlawful unilateral activities in the disputed area. These activities are contrary to the relevant United Nations General Assembly resolutions and include the despoilment contrary to international law of renewable and non-renewable resources in the area, and the conduct of military exercises, including the launch of missiles from the Malvinas Islands.
The region has unanimously rejected British military presence in the South Atlantic and has voiced its concern about the unilateral activities referred to above through several pronouncements of the summits of Presidents of MERCOSUR Member States and Associate States; of UNASUR; of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and of the Ibero-American Community.
Other regions have also spoken out for the resumption of negotiations, such as the Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA), the Africa-South America (ASA) Summit and the G-77 plus China.
The Argentine Government reiterates, once more and on this 179th anniversary of the dispossession, its ongoing and sincere willingness to resume bilateral negotiations with the United Kingdom, as demanded by the international community, in order to find a peaceful and definitive solution to the sovereignty dispute and thus put an end to an anachronistic situation that is inconsistent with the evolution of the current post-colonial world.
Buenos Aires, 3 January 2012